It grows exclusively near the area around Reggio Calabria, along the coastal strip from Villa San Giovanni to Brancaleone. This fruit is classified by scientists as “Citrus bergamia”, has a spherical structure and becomes yellow when is completely ripe. This fruit, according to historians, is a crossbreeding of lime and grapefruit or maybe cedar with bitter orange.
The first traces of this fruit appears in the area near Reggio named ‘Fondo dei giunchi’; while in 1750 was noticed the first intensive planting of bergamot trees, created by Nicola Parisi. From the climate perspective, the area of cultivation is named in the maps as “tropical humid temperate.” The geographic centre of gravity of the cultivation area has been identified in the municipality of Melito di Porto Salvo. Other “competitors” all around the wold tried to cultivate this fruit, for instance in Ivory Coast, Argentina and Brazil, but the essence obtained in these places is not valuable and not comparable with the original one.